Lung disease – what are the symptoms? Treatment


Lung diseases are widespread in Polish society. The most common symptoms are coughing and shortness of breath. Some of them significantly limit everyday functioning, including professional activity.

Lung diseases are an extremely diverse group in terms of etiology and treatment. They are one of the most common in society, so you should take appropriate protective measures in advance. In addition to prophylaxis, also think about taking out life insurance.

The pulmonologist deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases. Various factors may be responsible for their formation, including pathogens, genetic and environmental conditions. Most often they result in temporary or irreversible limitation of respiratory efficiency.

What are lung diseases?
Lung diseases are a very diverse group. They can be inflammatory, caused by environmental or neoplastic factors. Some of them are genetically determined. There are also lung conditions with unknown causes, such as sarcoidosis. Among the best known and most common lung diseases are:

  • pneumonia, e.g. environmentally acquired (caused mainly by pneumococci), atypical (caused by atypical pathogens such as chlamydia, mycoplasmas), aspiration (due to
  • swallowing or vomiting disorders), necrotic (caused by anaerobic pathogens),
    COPD, which is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease consisting of chronic bronchitis and emphysema,
  • pulmonary tuberculosis,
  • pneumoconiosis,
  • lung cancer – ranks first and third in terms of cancer incidence in men and women, respectively. They are the most common cause of cancer death in both sexes.


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